• Ms Priscilla

[神速改善作文] 避免 Careless Mistakes,掌握 Proofreading 的秘訣!

更新日期:4月 20

無論是舊制 HKCEE / HKALE 還是現時的 HKDSE,英文作文一直是本港學生的天敵,不少補習學生反映:無論如何付出,好似成效不大,每段都有老師用紅筆圈的或交叉的錯處。怎麼算呢?#讀書心得分享 #文憑試 #學英文




以 DSE 準則而言,一篇好文章的三大準則是 Content + Language + Organization。

Language 可算是最容易改善的部份,只要記熟中一至中三學的文法規則便可!學生不難發現:老師打交叉的錯處經常是我們俗稱的 Careless Mistakes,即是學生寫的時候並不為意是錯文法的,但老師一用紅筆圏起就頓時明白了!Careless Mistakes 的出現,最主要是沒有記熟文法規則,或者完成作文後沒有預留 10 -20 mins Proofread 校對文章!


這篇 Blog 主要教大家如何善用 Proofreading 減少 Careless Mistakes。

綜合十多年的補習經驗,歸納了以下最常見的學生錯處,以後 Proofread 文章時要特別留意。謹記:Proofreading 是一門學問,學生不可單靠老師的紅筆,需自行 Proofread 每篇所寫的文章,日積月累,Proofreading 的功力漸見成熟,你就會發現 Careless Mistakes 已不知不覺遠離你了!


錯處 1 < Article - a, an, the >

(錯誤) The waiter needs to work until a last customer leaves.

(正確) The waiter needs to work until the last customer leaves.


(錯誤) HK people value reunification as important part of their Chinese traditions.

(正確) HK people value reunification as an important part of their Chinese traditions.


錯處 2 < Fragment / Incomplete SVO >

(錯誤) Since I want to lose weight.

(正確) Since I want to lose weight, I exercise.


(錯誤) Egg tarts and mahjong which embody the creative spirit of our city.

(正確) Egg tarts and mahjong, which embody the creative spirit of our city, are worth protecting.


錯處 3 < Number Agreement >

(錯誤) All students wrote high quality essay.

(正確) All students wrote high quality essays.

(錯誤) Many a men have tried but few men have succeeded.

(正確) Many a man has tried but few men have succeeded.


錯處 4 < Punctuation >

(錯誤) Take KFC as an example, the junk food it serves is unhealthy yet popular.

(正確) Take KFC as an example: the junk food it serves is unhealthy yet popular.


錯處 5 < Run-on >

(錯誤) I am writing to support the Government's choice, it should consider various ways to preserve our much-valued cultural heritage.

(正確) I am writing to support the Government's choice. It should consider various ways to preserve our much-valued cultural heritage.


錯處 6 < Redundancy 多餘 >

(錯誤) This newly proposed policy can help schools improve teaching quality, organize extra-curricular activities and hold inter-class singing contests. (歌唱比賽是課外活動的一種?!)


(錯誤) In my opinion, I think abortion must be banned.

(正確) In my opinion, abortion must be banned.


錯處 7 < Spelling >

(錯誤) Heather works as an amateur modal.

(正確) Heather works as an amateur model.


(錯誤) This page is intended to provide students with modal answers.

(正確) This page is intended to provide students with model answers.


(錯誤) Have you received the Principle's massage?

(正確) Have you received the Principal's message?


錯處 8 < Tenses >

(錯誤) I had a sneaking suspicion that they keep something back from me.

(正確) I had a sneaking suspicion that they were keeping something back from me.


錯處 9 < Active VS Passive Voice >

(錯誤) Mr Smith got no help from his wife, who preoccupied with the children.

(正確) Mr Smith got no help from his wife, who was preoccupied with the children.


錯處 10 < Word Choice >

(錯誤) Li Ka-shing is a self-centred person as he always feels confident about his decisions.

(正確) Li Ka-shing is a self-reliant person as he always feels confident about his decisions.


錯處 11 < Word Order >

(錯誤) I wonder what can I do.

(正確) I wonder what I can do.


錯處 12 < Subject-Verb Mismatch >

(錯誤) Growing up in Hong Kong, the blame culture has entrenched in their mind.

(正確) The blame culture has been entrenched in the mind of every teenager who grows up in Hong Kong.


錯處 13 < Part of Speech >

(錯誤) Over the past few months, teenagers have gained greater awareness of social unjust.

(正確) Over the past few months, teenagers have gained greater awareness of social injustice.



每完成一篇文章,按照上面列舉的常見錯誤逐句檢查,相信已經剔走約 80% 的錯處。勤有功,多練多做是「王道」!



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